High cholesterol is a condition where there's an excess of cholesterol in the blood.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is essential for building cells, but too much of it can lead to plaque formation in the arteries, restricting blood flow and increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
High cholesterol can be caused by various factors, including:
High cholesterol itself does not usually cause noticeable symptoms. It's often diagnosed through blood tests during a routine check-up. However, over time, high cholesterol levels can lead to atherosclerosis, leading to symptoms such as:
In Australia and around the world:
Globally, it's estimated that nearly 40% of adults have high cholesterol.
In Australia, around 33% of adults have cholesterol levels that are considered to be high, which corresponds to approximately 6 million people.
De-prescribing refers to the systematic process of reducing or eliminating unnecessary medications, with a focus on minimizing the use of medications that may not be beneficial or may even be harmful. In the case of high cholesterol, de-prescribing may be considered for certain individuals, especially in the context of lifestyle modifications and a holistic approach to health. Here's a summary of the evidence: